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Cultural Hearths and Culture Diffusion

We can refer to culture as artifacts representing its origins, but it is too difficult to find these remnants of culture. The civilization may disappear in the following way: When the earliest traces of raw materials are exhausted to make the so-called 'culture hearths,' which are essential for transferring energy from humans living in one place to others living far away. These cultural remnants bring puzzles about the mysteries of people's lives and activities before they disappeared or influenced by other cultures."

Early Culture Hearth Locations

Plateau of Mesopotamia, the Nile, the Yellow and Yangtze Rivers are central to early cultures. The earliest evidence of settled communities comes from the Nile river basin. These cultures depended on agriculture with surplus food to feed non-agricultural members of their society. The river valley civilizations were the first significant civilizations globally, and even though they did not last long (6,000 - 3,000 BC), they left an extensive legacy of tools and other remnants. The Yellow River is better known for its modern role as China's only source of hydroelectric power. The Indus river basin is home to one of the world's oldest cities at Harappa (Sindh), dating to 4,000 BCE.

Culture Regions

Geography is an essential part of this revolution because it defined where people could live and what was available for agriculture. Humans in these regions lived in small settlements, which became more permanent over time. These settlements had a significant influence on cultural growth. The technology used is essential for this revolution, but the region's geography is also necessary.

Cultural Diffusion

Cultural diffusion is the spread of cultural ideas through trade, migration, or conquest. These cultures come to regions that were not directly affected by the original culture. The theory of cultural diffusion holds that this imported culture diffuses into society and changes its way of life, causing the society to become different than the original society.

  • Direct diffusion: Bands of mobile foragers with no permanent settlements adopt domestic plants and animals for food.
  • Indirect diffusion: The adoption of domesticated plants and animals is closely linked with the development of sedentary communities.
  • Force diffusion: This is the process by which people are conquered by another people and forced to accept the customs of the conquering group.

Modern Culture Hearths and Cultural Diffusion

We still see the diffusion and the culture change that occurs when a culture comes into a new region. We can see it when we look at our modern living. We see this in television, computers, and other modern technology, and China has been an example of this kind of diffusion in their country. They have used America's western-style suburban living for their own country. You can see this in their homes and how many cars they drive every day. Other evidence of this is the introduction of McDonalds and other popular restaurants into China.


This Cultural Revolution was necessary because it changed the way that people lived. The center of culture was agriculture, and this is still true today. Our existence is changing because of the cycle of life. We are not the same people that we were 50,000 years ago. It is an example of how we live today and how we will continue to change as time goes on.


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